Corneal Transplant in Iran
Eye diseases and problems are one of the most troublesome problems for people. Because of the sensitivity of the tissue and components of the human eye, surgical procedures and medical treatments require a great deal of expertise. Corneal transplant, also known as corneal grafting, is one of the surgeries used to treat ocular complications. Next, we are going to take a closer look at corneal transplant in Iran.
How is corneal transplant done?
The cornea is called the translucent part of the eye, which plays the role of concentrating the light entering the eye to form an image on the retina. The thickness of this part is about 500 microns and consists of several layers. People with vision loss or those with corneal obstruction are those who may need corneal transplant.
The corneal transplantation procedure is in a nutshell, in that a volunteer’s cornea (mostly from deceased donors) is separated by special tools and replaced with the central part of the recipient cornea. Then very thin sutures are applied to tighten the tissue.
This can be done from birth to age 90, but the timing and condition of the patient should be reviewed by a specialist physician. It should be noted that failure to timely diagnose the problem in person or delay action may have adverse effects, for example delayed corneal transplant in adults may cause strabismus and laziness in children.
Who needs a corneal transplant?
In general, people with vision loss or infection in their eyes can do so. Corneal edema, corneal opacity, or it’s thinning are some of the factors that reduce vision. Blurring of the eye can also cause the need for a corneal transplant. The formation of spots on the cornea or viral blindness can be a reason for the blurring of the eye. In this case, the person feels that an external object is in his or her eyes and creates an unpleasant experience for him/her. Other factors such as eye damage, corneal rupture, heavy blows to the eye through accidents can also cause blotchiness and blur, however, sometimes the patient can recover with alternative surgeries without corneal transplant. In fact, when other components of the eye work well and their health is at an acceptable level, the patient can be returned to normal without corneal transplantation.
Different types of corneal transplant
The type of transplant operation offered to each person depends on the individual’s general condition. Much of the corneal transplant surgeries involves complete corneal transplant. However, with the advancement of medical technologies, partial corneal transplant can sometimes be used.
Keratoplasty is a complete corneal transplant in which the surgeon uses a cutting tool to cut a thick circle around the cornea. In addition to using the cutting tool there is also the possibility of using a laser called Femtosecond which is a safer and faster method. This usually takes about 45 minutes to 1 hour and can be performed with or without local anesthesia.
Another method of corneal transplantation, also known as EK, is a procedure in which a small incision is made in the cornea and does not need to cut all parts of the cornea. This technique is not suitable for everyone and may take longer to improve.
Corneal transplant considerations
Before surgery, it is necessary for the eye structure and size of the individual to be carefully examined by a physician. It is also important to look at medications and dietary supplements as well as previous illnesses.
The patient may be hospitalized for at least one night after performing a corneal transplant. The day after surgery, or a few days after surgery, is also necessary to see a doctor for sutures. It depends on the speed of recovery, the features of the eye, the care needed, and the type of sutures and procedures used in surgery.
Advantages of corneal transplant in Iran
In terms of corneal transplantation, Iran is one of the most successful and developed countries in the world. This practice is more than 40 years old in the country and the conditions for it are fully in place. Meanwhile, the state of the Eye Bank in Iran is such that the applicant generally does not need to spend time finding a corneal donor.
Iran’s potential in this regard is so high that a significant number of applicants from neighboring countries visit Iran every year to perform corneal transplant. The low cost of operation and its high quality have resulted in a competitive advantage in Iran over many neighboring countries and even some European and American countries.
While about 8,000 corneal transplants are performed in Iran annually and their success rate is over 90%. The existence of skilled ophthalmologists as well as the efforts to develop the country’s medical capabilities have not only accomplished this, but have also led to many successes and achievements, including the production of artificial cornea and the use of suture-free procedures
Currently, almost all ophthalmology centers in Tehran and other cities in Iran are able to undergo corneal transplant surgery, and applicants can undergo surgery for up to a week on a work schedule.
Here’s a look at one of the most complex eye surgeries, corneal transplant, to see what care is needed before and after this major surgery. Iran is one of the most advanced and also one of the top 15 countries in the world of ophthalmology.
If you intend to undergo corneal transplant or other ophthalmology services by the best Iranian doctors and surgeons and enjoy the low cost of medical services in Iran, Pars Med Tour is by your side. Just get in touch with our experts so we can plan your trip and treatment in Iran and be with you during your treatment.